DRAINAGE & STORM WATER MANAGEMENT
Questions to ask yourself about your yard drainage:
Phillips Home Services is no stranger to drainage solutions. We build hard scapes that are both beautiful and efficient. Developed areas like homes and neighborhoods can have difficulty with managing storm water from destroying their front and back yards because there are so many structures that prevent precipitation from naturally soaking into the ground. Structures like roofs, driveways, and streets may cause runoff, which in turn, can cause erosion or sewer back up in your yard. Phillips Home Services is able to help take care of these drainage issues during new construction and remodeling projects.
If you are unsure about whether or not you have a drainage problem in your back yard. Here are some questions to ask yourself to see if a drainage solution might be in your future:
- Do you regularly see standing water on or near your property?
- Does steel, concrete or any other impermeable material edge your yard?
- Does your grass remain saturated?
- Are parts of your lawn dead?
- Do certain parts of your yard smell bad?
- Do you notice an abnormally high number of insects, particularly mosquitos?
- Does water pool in your garage or basement after a heavy rainstorm?
- Have you noticed any mildew or mold on your home’s interior or exterior?
While there are many drainage solutions out there, a few common installations that we find to be most effective and efficient for managing drainage are: a french drain system, catch basins, and dry wells.
French drains are created by digging a trench, filling it with gravel, and then placing a perforated pipe with holes facing toward the bottom of the trench. Water is then able to flow freely through the pipe which would be emptied a safe distance away from the house.
The trench bottom should be sloped about 1 inch for every 8 feet in the direction you want water to flow. Depending on your situation, the water can be diverted to: a dry well, the street, a low-lying area of your property, or a drainage ditch.
A catch basin is typically placed at the low point of a property. A hole is dug with room for a drainage pipe and catch basin to fit inside. A grate is then placed on top so that water can flow freely into the basin. Water and debris fill the catch basin but the debris falls to the bottom while water flows out of the pipe. The pipe typically connects to a larger local plumbing system and directs water toward a sewer system or stream.
Dry wells, which may also be called a seepage pit or leaching pit, are typically dug somewhere near the lowest point of the home site and reinforced with rocks, stones, gravel, brick or concrete. It is normally an underground hole with some type of grate or covering over the top. Runoff water flows to and into the well, and then the soil in and around the hole absorbs and somewhat filters it.
There is a common misconception that a dry could be called a “cesspool” but this is not accurate because a cesspool involves raw sewage whereas a dry well does not. The water usually runs to the dry well through an underground pipe, but sometimes, it may flow over grass to get to the well, which builds in another step of natural filtration. Once in the well, the water runs through the rocks, stones, gravel, brick or concrete, which provide filtration.